Physician Education: Bridging Clinical Research and Patient Care

Faculty Profile

Member, Board of Directors

Medical Director of Specialty Services
Southwest CARE Center
Santa Fe, New Mexico

Adjunct Professor of Medicine
Division of Infectious Diseases
The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland

Clinical Professor of Medicine
Division of Infectious Diseases
University of New Mexico School of Medicine
Albuquerque, New Mexico


Topics of Professional Interest:
  • Antiretroviral therapy: phase 2 though 4 trials, strategies, drug resistance, toxicity
  • HIV treatment strategies
  • Biomedical prevention of HIV infection
  • Primary care of HIV-infected patients
Current Professional Summary:

Joel E. Gallant, MD, MPH is the Medical Director of Specialty Services at the Southwest CARE Center in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He is Adjunct Professor of Medicine in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, where he was previously the Associate Director of the Johns Hopkins AIDS Service. He is a Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine. He conducts clinical trials on the treatment of HIV infection and viral hepatitis and has been an investigator in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN), the Multicenter AIDS Cohort (MACS), and the AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG). Within the HPTN and ACTG he has been involved in international clinical trials, especially in Chiang Mai,Thailand.

Dr. Gallant received his MD at theUniversity of California San Francisco. He completed a residency and chief residency in internal medicine at Yale-NewHaven Hospital.  He received his MPH at the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, and completed a fellowship in infectious diseases at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He is a fellow in the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American College of Physicians. He is a past Chair of the HIV Medicine Association and is on the Board of Directors of the International Antiviral Society-USA.  He is a member of the IAS-USA antiretroviral therapy guidelines panel and the IDSA/HIVMA Panel for Primary Care Guidelines for the Management of Persons Infected with HIV. He is the recipient of the 2006 HIV Clinical Educator Award from the IDSA/HIVMA.

Dr Gallant writes and speaks extensively on HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy. He is the author of 100 Questions and Answers about HIV and AIDS, a book for lay readers. He is the editor-in-chief of the Johns Hopkins HIV Guide, a web- and print-based educational tool.

Committees and Organizations:
  • Member, Board of Directors, IAS–USA
  • Fellow, American College of Physicians
  • Member and past chair, HIV Medicine Association
  • Fellow, Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • HIV Specialist and member, American Academy of HIV Medicine
  • Member, IAS-USA Antiretroviral Therapy Guidelines panel
  • Member, HIVMA/IDSA HIV Primary Care Guidelines panel
Honors and Awards:
  • John C. Hume Masters in Public Health Award
  • Delta Omega Public Health Honor Society, Alpha Chapter
  • 2006 HIVMA/IDSA Clinical Educator Award
  • University of California Irvine School of Biological Sciences, BS (1979)
  • University of California Irvine School of Social Ecology, BA (1980)
  • University of California San Francisco, MD (1985)
  • Yale-New Haven Hospital, Internship and Residency, Internal Medicine (1985-1988)
  • The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, MPH (1990)
  • The Johns Hopkins University of Medicine, Fellowship, Infectious Diseases (1990-1992)
Selected Publications:
  1. Gallant JE, Moore RD, Chaisson RE. Prophylaxis for opportunistic infections in patients with HIV infection. Ann Intern Med. 1994;120:932-944.
  2. Maenza JR, Keruly JC, Moore RD, Chaisson RE, Merz WG, Gallant JE. Risk factors for fluconazole-resistant candidiasis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients. J Infect Dis. 1996;173:219-225.
  3. Gallant JE. Strategies for long-term success in the treatment of HIV infection. JAMA. 2000;283:1329-1334.
  4. Sethi AK, Celentano DD, Gange SJ, Moore RD, Gallant JE. Association between adherence to antiretroviral therapy and human immunodeficiency virus drug resistance. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:1112-1118.
  5. Tarwater PM, Parish M, Gallant JE. Prolonged treatment interruption after immunologic response to highly active antiretroviral therapy. Clin Infect Dis. 2003;37:1541-1548.
  6. Gallant JE, Staszewski S, Pozniak AL, DeJesus E, Suleiman JM, Miller MD, Coakley DF, Lu B, Toole JJ, Cheng AK; 903 Study Group. Efficacy and safety of tenofovir DF vs stavudine in combination therapy in antiretroviral-naive patients: a 3-year randomized trial. JAMA. 2004;292:191-201.
  7. Aberg JA, Gallant JE, Anderson J, Oleske JM, Libman H, Currier JS, Stone VE, Kaplan JE; HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with human immunodeficiency virus: recommendations of the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;39:609-629.
  8. Gallant JE, Parish MA, Keruly JC, Moore RD. Changes in renal function associated with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate treatment, compared with nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor treatment. Clin Infect Dis. 2005;40:1194-1948.
  9. Gallant JE, Rodriguez AE, Weinberg WG, Young B, Berger DS, Lim ML, Liao Q, Ross L, Johnson J, Shaefer MS; ESS30009 Study. Early virologic nonresponse to tenofovir, abacavir, and lamivudine in HIV-infected antiretroviral-naive subjects. J Infect Dis. 2005;192:1921-1930.
  10. Gallant JE, DeJesus E, Arribas JR, Pozniak AL, Gazzard B, Campo RE, Lu B, McColl D, Chuck S, Enejosa J, Toole JJ, Cheng AK; Study 934 Group. Tenofovir DF, emtricitabine, and efavirenz vs. zidovudine, lamivudine, and efavirenz for HIV. N Engl J Med. 2006;354:251-260.
  11. Nettles RE, Kieffer TL, Parsons T, Johnson J, Cofrancesco J, Gallant JE, Carson K, Siliciano RF, Flexner C. Marked intraindividual variability in antiretroviral concentrations may limit the utility of therapeutic drug monitoring. Clin Infect Dis. 2006;42:1189-1196.
  12. Atta M, Gallant JE, Rahman H, Nagajothi N, Racusen LC, Scheel PJ, Fine DM. Antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of HIV-associated nephropathy. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2006;21:2809-2813.
  13. Arribas JR, Pozniak, AL, Gallant JE, et al. Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, emtricitabine, and efavirenz compared with zidovudine/lamivudine and efavirenz in treatment-naive patients: 144-week analysis. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2008;47:74-78.
  14. Gallant JE, Winston, JA, DeJesus E, et al. The three-year renal safety of a tenofovir DF- vs. a thymidine analog-containing regimen in antiretroviral-naïve patients. AIDS. 2008;22:2155-2163.
  15. Gallant JE, Moore RD. Renal function with use of a tenofovir-containing initial antiretroviral regimen. AIDS. 2009; 23:1971-1975.
  16. Wilson L, Gallant JE. Treatment experienced HIV patients: New drugs and drug combinations. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;48:214-221.
  17. Margolick JB, Imteyaz H, Gallant JE, et al. Prolonged viral suppression without therapy in an HIV-1 seroconverter following early antiretroviral therapy and daily interleukin-2. AIDS. 2010;24:932-935.
  18. Spivak AM, Sydnor ER, Blankson JN, Gallant JE. Seronegative HIV-1 infection: a review of the literature. AIDS. 2010;24:1407-1414.
  19. Gallant JE, Adimora AA, Carmichael JK, et al. Essential components of effective HIV care: a policy paper of the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Ryan White Medical Providers Coalition. Clin Infect Dis 2011;53:1043-50.
  20. Moore RD, Bartlett JG, Gallant JE. Association between use of HMG CoA reductase inhibitors and mortality in HIV-infected patients. PLoS One. 2011;6:e21843.
  21. Cohen MS, Chen YQ, McCauley M, et al. Prevention of HIV-1 infection with antiretroviral therapy. N Engl J Med. 2011;365:493-505.
  22. Sax PE, DeJesus E, Mills A, et al. Co-formulated elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir versus co-formulated efavirenz, emtricitabine, and tenofovir for initial treatment of HIV-1 infection: a randomised, double-blind, phase 3 trial, analysis of results after 48 weeks. Lancet. 2012;379:2439-2448.
  23. Gallant JE, Koenig E, Andrade-Villanueva J, Cet al. Cobicistat versus ritonavir as a pharmacoenhancer for atazanavir plus emtricitabine/tenofovir DF in treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected patients: Week 48 results. J Infect Dis 2013;208:32-9.
  24. Gallant JE, Mehta S, Sugarman J. Universal antiretroviral therapy for HIV infection:  Should U.S. treatment guidelines be applied to resource-limited settings? Clin Infect Dis 2013;57:884-7
  25. Wohl DA, Cohen C, Gallant JE, Mills A, et al. A randomized, double-blind comparison of single tablet regimen elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF versus single tablet regimen efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF for initial treatment of HIV-1 infection: analysis of week 144 results. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2014;65:e118-20.
  26. Grinsztejn B, Mossieipour MC, Ribaudo HJ, et al. Effects of early versus delayed initiation of antiretroviral treatment on clinical outcomes of HIV-1 infection: results from the phase 3 HPTN 052 randomised controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis Lancet Infect Dis 2014;14:281-90.
  27. Aberg JA, Gallant JE, Ghanem KG, et al. Primary care guidelines for the management of persons infected with HIV: 2013 update by the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis 2014:58:e1-34
  28. Winston J, Chonchol M, Gallant J, et al. Discontinuation of tenofovir dioproxil fumarate for presumed renal adverse events in treatment-naïve HIV-1 patients: meta-analysis of randomized clinical studies.  HIV Clin Trials 2014;15:231-4


Advances in the Clinical Management of HIV Disease and Hepatitis C Virus Infection

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Günthard HF, Saag MS, Benson CA, del Rio C, Eron JJ, Gallant JE, Hoy JF, Mugavero MJ, Sax PE, Thompson MA, Gandhi RT, Landovitz RJ, Smith DM, Jacobsen DM, Volberding PA. Antiretroviral Drugs for Treatment and Prevention of HIV Infection in Adults 2016 Recommendations of the International Antiviral Society–USA Panel. JAMA. 2016.